Bhutan is a Constitutional Democratic Monarchy. It is asmall nation nestled in the lap of Great Eastern Himalayas, bordering world’s most populous countries, China to the north and India to the south. Bhutanhas total population of 735553 (PHCB, 2017). Bhutan is a sovereign landlocked nation with total area of 38,394 km2, in South East Asia. It is panoramic and majestic mountainous country laying with rugged mountains in the north to splendid strip in the south. The mighty Himalayas protected Bhutan, (The Land of Thunder Dragon) from the rest of the world and left it blissfully undiscovered through the centuries. Bhutan is 10th global hot spot and perhaps the world’s most exotic tourist destination. Tourism was in 1974 coinciding with the coronation of the fourth king, His Majesty Jigme Singye Wanchuck.
Bhutan still retains unique glory and charm of the ancient times, and a holistic paradise to travelers fulfilling experience. The ancient land alive in the monastic fortresses, age-oldmonasteries, temples and stupas which rule the countryside, prayers flags fluttering above nostalgic farmhouses and on the hillsides lush and pristine forests, rushing glacial meandering rivers, and – perhaps most important of all – the warm and hearty smiles and genuine friendliness of the local folks are naturally welcoming and blended well. Each moment is special as one uncovers Bhutan, which its people have chosen to preserve for centuries in all its magical purity.
The country was unified under the Drukpa Kagyupa sect of Mahayana Buddhism in the early 17th century by a profound religious figure, Shabdrung Ngawang Namgyal. At the end of the 19th century, the Trongsa Penlop, Ugyen Wanchuck, who then controlled the central and eastern regions, overcame all his rivals and again united the nation.In 1907, Ugyen Wangchuck was unanimously accepted as a king, and a hereditary monarchy system was established in Bhutan. As part of the move towards democracy, the fourth king handed over his responsibilities to his son King Jigme Khesar Namgyal Wangchuck in 2006. In 2008, the year that marked the centenary of the kingdom, Bhutan made smooth transition from an absolute monarchy to a constitutional monarchy and held its first general elections, embarking into new era in the political history of Bhutan.